We don’t see any clear scripture that answers this question. We don’t read that Adam and Eve repented of their sin and we also don’t read any scripture that says they didn’t.
However, we can read some passages that show us that Adam and Eve could have repented of their sins.
Initially, it is obvious that Adam and Eve did not repent. In fact, after disobeying God, they hid from God (Genesis 3:8). Instead of accepting full responsibility, Adam put the blame to Eve while Eve put the blame on the serpent (Genesis 12:13).
- (Also read: Are you Playing the Blame Game?)
However, I personally believed that Adam and Eve eventually repented of their sin. Once they have seen the magnitude of the consequences of their sin, they could have felt remorse and guilt. The mere fact that they were driven out of the Garden, they could have regretted what they did.
Now, here’s where I believe lies the proof that Adam and Eve did repent. The Bible tells us that faith comes from hearing (Romans 10:17). Remember that they have a righteous son whose name was Abel (Hebrews 11:4). It would have been difficult for Abel to become righteous and faithful if he wasn’t taught by his parents.
Moreover, the fact that Abel and Cain made sacrifices means that Adam and Eve could have also continued bringing offerings and sacrifices to God.
The Bible also tells us that Adam and Eve had another son whose name is Seth and Seth begot Enosh. After the birth of Enosh, we have this recorded in the Bible:
“Then men began to call on the name of YHWH” (Genesis 4:26).
I would venture to say that Adam and Eve could be one of these men who began to call on the Eternal.
Another reason I am inclined to think that Adam and Eve repented is the fact that God is gracious, kind, and merciful. All throughout the life of Adam and Eve, God has been their Father and Provider. When Adam and Eve were driven out of the garden, God made them tunics and clothed them(Genesis 3:21).
We have also seen how God’s goodness lead to repentance. We read:
“Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance” (Romans 2:4)?
To conclude, though we don’t see a direct verse that tells us whether Adam and Eve repented or not, I personally believe that they did.
This shows us that there’s always a chance for us to repent. It tells us that God is always gracious and merciful. All we need to do is repent with all our hearts and turn away from our sinful life.